Category Archives: Emergency Checklists

Helping Parents Prepare for Disaster

What Can I Do To Prepare

Anyone who is a parent knows how hard it can be to raise a child. Add a stressful situation, like a natural disaster or other emergencies, and a difficult job gets harder.

 • Make a plan with your family or the people you live With.

 

  • Discuss what type of disaster is likely to happen to

        you. Contact your local Red Cross, emergency

    management office or health department. Ask for

    advice, suggestions or information related to your

    situation.

 

   • Decide how to stay in touch with your family or

     housemates if there is a disaster. Set up two meet-

     ing places: right outside your home and another

     location in case you are forced to leave your

     neighborhood. Make sure your children can reach

     both places safely and that know how to get there.

     If possible, have an out – of – town family contact.

     Make sure your children know this address and

     telephone number. Also make sure your contact

     knows your emergency plans.

 

• Put together a disaster supply kit.

 

Items to include in a 72 hour kit.

 

• Three gallons of water per person

• A three day supply of food

• Flashlight and batteries

• First-Aid kit

• Battery-operated radio

• Complete change of clothing for each person

• Spare set of keys and identification cards

• Cash and credit cards

• Matches in a waterproof container

• Pet supplies ( food and Medication)

 

If you have a baby, small child, or a senior living with you, consider any special needs they may have,

Including diapers, bottles and formula for your baby, favorite toys and belongings for your child, and prescription medications, extra eyeglasses or hearing aids for your senior or other family members who may need them.

 

• Lear about existing preparedness plans in your town

• If you have school-aged children, the school plans

• Plan several evacuation routes

• Plan how to take care of your pets

Practice your plan before a disaster.

What’s In Your Grab-and-Go Kit?

Use our checklist to help you put together a potentially life-saving
kit today

The recent natural disasters throughout the world and in the United States
remind us that any of us could be in a similar situation.
We may not experience a flood, hurricane, earthquake or tsunami, but no
part of the world is exempt from natural disasters.

If you had to evacuate your home quickly, what would you do?  Are you prepared with a grab-and-go kit?  If you have one, great!  Be sure to inventory the contents to make certain you have all you need, that the food and water is not out of code, and that every item is in working condition.

If you don’t have a kit, let’s get started. You may wish to have a separate kit for each member of the family.  Determine what will work best for you.  We have ready-made kits, which offer a quick and easy way to begin.

The container should be easy to move and waterproof if possible.  A backpack, a rolling suitcase, or a wheeled trash can hold a lot and are easy to carry, roll or drag if necessary.

Your basic kit should include:

o 1 gallon of water per person per day for at least three days

o At least 3 days of food that is ready to eat or requires minimal preparation

o Manual can opener and other cooking supplies

o A change of clothes, sturdy shoes, and rain gear for each member of the family

o Medications/eyeglasses plus copies of prescriptions for each

o A minimum of $50 cash that is in small bills

o Personal hygiene items (teeth, hair, body, feminine)

o Identification

o First aid kit

o Radio & extra batteries

o Flash drive or external hard drive with copies of important documents, such as

  • Contact list with phone      numbers
  • Insurance policies
  • Home inventory with photos
  • Family photos
  • Birth and death certificates
  • Backup of computer files
  • Medical records
  • Passports, visas
  • Banking and investment  information
  • Wills and trusts
  • Pension and employee benefits information
  • Court documents
  • Mortgage records
  • Tax returns
  • Business records

o Gum and hard candy

o Flashlight & extra batteries

o Basic tools, such as work gloves, pry bar, N95 masks, duct tape, sheet plastic

o Lotion, sun block, lip balm

o Pocket knife

o Waterproof matches

o Cards, games, books, etc. for entertainment

o Extra house and car keys

If you have children, seniors, pets, or disabled members of your family,
make sure that any special items they may need are included in their kits.

If there are items that you may wish to take from your home, such as family
keepsakes, be sure to make a list so you know just what to quickly grab.  Keeping that list inside your kit means that you know exactly where it is, saving you precious time.

For all your emergency preparedness needs, see http://www.SurvivalSupplies4U.com.

Family Emergency Plans

Emergencies can happen at any time, often with no warning. Some emergencies can force a family to evacuate their home. Others may force whole neighborhoods to be evacuated, while still others may require families to stay in their homes for days. Emergencies don’t always happen when families are at home. They may occur while you are at work and children are at school. If you were forced to evacuate your home or basic services such as water, gas, electricity or telephones were cut off, would you and your family know what to do?

 Families are best able to cope with emergencies by preparing emergency plans in advance. Everyone needs a plan for work, school and home, because knowing what to do is your best protection. It is an important responsibility.

Create an Emergency Plan 

     Discuss what types of emergencies are most likely to happen in your area. Discuss what to do in each case.

 ž       Determine the best escape routes from your home. Find two ways out of each room.

      Learn about your community’s warning signals: what they sound like and what you should do when you hear them.

     Pick two places to meet:

  1. Right outside your home in case of a sudden emergency, such as a fire.
  2. Outside your neighborhood in case you can’t return home.

      Ask an out-of-state relative or friend to be your family “emergency contact”.

     Everyone must know their emergency contact’s addresses and phone numbers.     After a major disaster, it’s often easier to call long distance. Family members should call their emergency contact and tell them where they are. NOTE: if cell towers are down you can still “text”.

     Ask about animal care during and after a disaster. Pets are not allowed inside emergencies shelters or in some hotels. Contact your local humane society for additional information. Plan how to take care of your pets.

      Discuss any special needs family members may have. For example, the elderly and persons with disabilities may need additional assistance evacuating or may have special needs once at a shelter.

      Find out about the emergency plans at your workplace, your children’s schools or daycare centers and other places where your family spends time. Make sure all family members are aware of the different plans.

      Post emergency telephone numbers (fire, police ambulance, family contact, etc,) near all telephones.

      Teach children how and when to call 911 for emergency help. We’ve all heard how even three-year-olds have saved family members by dialing for help.

      Show all responsible family members how and when to turn off the water, gas and electricity at the main switches.Note: Electricity must be shut off with the circuit breakers first and the main switch last, because the biggest power surge is at the main. If you turn it off main switch first, you will get the entire surge directed to you and severe burns or worse will happen.

Keep the necessary tools near the gas and water shut-off valves. Only shut the gas shut off if you smell or hear the gas. If the leak is underground, you may see dirt being sprayed into the air. If you turn the gas off, you’ll need a professional to turn it back on.

     Teach family members how to use a fire extinguisher, and show them where it’s kept. NOTE: Stand back from the flames and direct the stream at the base of the fire. At the same time, yell for someone to call 911. Move forward cautiously and keep spraying until the fire is out. If you run out of the retardant, back away and call 911 if no one else is home. Then, leave the house.

      Install smoke and carbon monoxide detectors on each level of your home, especially near bedrooms.

      Conduct a home hazard hunt.

      Assemble an emergency supply kit

      Take an American Red Cross First Aid and CPR class.

 Practice and Maintain your Plan

 Practice your fire and emergency evacuation plans at least twice a year. Replace the water in your emergency supply kit every six months. If you have 30 or 55 gallon water drums treated with water preserver, then replace the water every five years. Otherwise, the water will deteriorate and be unsafe.  Replace the food in your emergency supply kits according to the expiration dates.

Post a reminder

     Check electrical outlets. Do not overload outlets.

      Install smoke alarms. Clean and test smoke alarms one a month. Change the batteries at least once a year.

     Keep a whistle in each bedroom to awaken household members in case of fire.

      Purchase a fire extinguisher labeled “ABC”. 

     Have a collapsible ladder on each upper floor of your house.

      Consider installing home sprinklers.

      Most home builders will have these installed if you ask when buying a newly built home that is not yet completed. Some counties now require these to be installed on all new construction.

 Fire Safety

      Plan two escape routes out of each room.

     Teach family members to stay low to the ground when escaping from a fire.

     Teach family members never to open doors that are hot. In a fire, feel the bottom of the door with the back of your hand. If it is hot, do not open the door. Use your second way out of the room.

 In a fire or other emergency, you may need to evacuate your house, apartment or mobile home on a moment’s notice. You should be ready to get out fast.

 Develop an escape plan by drawing a floor plan of your residence. Indicating the location of emergency supplies (Emergency Supplies kit), fire extinguishers, smoke alarms, collapsible ladders, first aid kits and utility shut off points.

 Next, use a color pen to draw a broken line charting at least two escape routes from each room Mark a place outside your home where family members should meet.

 Practice emergency evacuation drills at least two times each year.

 Important Family Documents.

Keep these records in a waterproof, portable container.

      Wills, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, plus stocks and bonds.

      Passports, social security cards, immunization records.

      Bank account numbers.

      Credit card account numbers and companies.

      Inventory of valuable household goods, important telephone numbers and photos of items that are valuable.

     Family records (birth, marriage, death certificates).

Hazard Hunt

 In a disaster, ordinary items in the home can cause injury and damage. Anything that can move, fall, break or cause a fire is a potential hazard.

     Repair defective electrical wiring and leaky gas connections.

     Fasten shelves securely to wall studs.

     Place large, heavy objects on lower shelves.

     Brace overhead light fixtures.

     Secure water heater. Strap to wall studs.

     Repair cracks in ceilings or foundations.

     Store weed killers, pesticides and flammable products away from heat sources.

     Place oily polishing rags or waste in covered metal cans.

      Clean and repair chimneys, flue pipes, vent connectors and gas vents.

      Don’t hang heavy pictures or mirrors above beds.

 When Disaster Strikes

     Remain calm and be patient.

      Put your Emergency Plan into action.

      Check for injuries. Give first aid and call 911 only for life-threatening emergencies.

     Follow the advice of local emergency officials.

      NOTE: If you have a local CERT group, ask the Fire department where to get the training. This includes first aid training, and helps your community in disaster emergencies.

     Listen to the radio or television for news and instruction. Having a portable radio on hand is best if you lose power.

     Evacuate, if advised to do so. Wear protective clothing and sturdy shoes.

Check Your Home for Damage

      Use flashlights in case of gas leak. Do not light matches or candles.

     Do not turn on electrical switches until you rule out damage to your gas lines.

      Shut off any other damaged utilities.

     Check for fires, fire hazards and other household hazards. Sniff for gas leaks, starting at the water heater. If you smell, hear or see gas, or suspect a gas leak, turn off the main gas valve, open the windows, and get everyone outside quickly. NOTE: Only your gas company should turn the gas back on as they will test for leaks along the pipes from the street through the house.

     Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline and other flammable liquids immediately.

Remember to:

     Confine or secure your pets.

     Call your family contact. Do not use the telephone again unless it is a life-threatening emergency.

     Check on your neighbors, especially those living alone or those who are elderly or disabled.

     Stay away from downed power lines.

Emergency Food Storage for a Single Woman

These suggestions may be helpful for your food storage program.

Take inventory of present items.

  1. Which foods do you want to store and how much for a years supply?
  2. Do set a goal to add on a monthly basis or semi annually or a year.
  3. Plan for regular acquisitions.
  4. Be consistent in your goals if you miss once, acquire it and move forward.

 Learn to use these basic foods on a consistent basis in your meal preparations with your favorite recipes thereby testing them to include what is needed for your basic health. This will also rotate what you have for freshness.

A prolonged diet of these foods by themselves could result in nutritional deficiencies, like vitamins A and C. Having orange juice and otherSupplements will help. However such a diet should sustain life for at least a year. 

The following list is for one year for one person.

These may read as too much but have been tested on active individuals. The best way to store these is having sealed containers that are available through specialty stores. If you purchase whole grain, (which is best) be sure to include an electric wheat grinder. I have tried the manual type once and no thank you!

Storage item                                                                                                        Your Amount

 – Wheat                                                                                                                      132 lbs.

– Enriched white flour                                                                                            12 lbs.

– Corn meal                                                                                                                  29 lbs.

– Oats, rolled or steel cut                                                                                       29 lbs.

– Rice, White enriched                                                                                           59 lbs.

– Pearled barley                                                                                                           3 lbs.

– Spaghetti & macaroni                                                                                          29 lbs.

  TOTAL FOR GRAINS GROUP                                                294 lbs.

– Beans, (dry)                                                                                                              25 lbs.

 – beans, lima  (dry)                                                                                                     1 lbs.

– beans, Soy  (dry)                                                                                                        1 lbs.

– Peas, Split  (dry)                                                                                                         1 lbs.

– Lentils  (dry)                                                                                                                 1 lbs.

– Dry soup mix                                                                                                               5 lbs.

 TOTAL FOR LEGUMES GROUP                                                                 34 lbs.

– Vegetable Oil                                                                                                                  2 gal

– Shortening                                                                                                                      4 lbs.

– Mayonnaise                                                                                                                    2 quarts

– Salad dressing     mayonnaise type                                                                       2 quarts

– Peanut butter                                                                                                                4 lbs.

TOTAL FOR FATS AND OILS GROUP                                     26. lbs.

– Milk, nonfat dry                                                                                                       14 lbs.

– Evaporated milk (12 oz net wt)                                                                          12 cans

TOTAL FOR MILK GOUP                                                           16 lbs.

– Sugar, Granulated                                                                                                  40 lbs.

– Sugar, Brown                                                                                                              3 lbs.

– Molasses                                                                                                                        1 lbs.

– Vegetable oil                                                                                                                 3 lbs.

– Jams and preserves                                                                                                   3 lbs.

 – Fruit drink powdered                                                                                              6 lbs.

– Flavored gelatin                                                                                                          1 lbs.

TOTAL FOR SUGARS GROUP                                                  60 lbs.

Dry yeast                                                                                                                 0.5 lbs.

Soda                                                                                                                                1 lbs.

Baking powder                                                                                                            1 lbs.

Vinegar                                                                                                                      0.5 gal.

Chlorine, bleach                                                                                                         1 gal.

Salt, (iodized)                                                                                                              1 gal.

 Add Mustard and  pepper if you prefer.

WATER FOR DRINKING AND MIXING, ONE  GALLON PER DAY. 

My website carries 55 Gallon drums

Nick Johnston,  Survival Supplies 4u

Emergency Preparedness Checklist

Recommended Items to Include in a Basic Emergency Supply Kit

Everyone should have some basic supplies on hand in order to survive for at least three days if an emergency occurs. Listed below are some basic items that each emergency supply kit should include. However, it is important that everyone review this list and consider where they live and their unique needs in order to create an emergency supply kit that will meet these needs for their family. Consider having at least two emergency kits, one full kit at home and a smaller portable kit in your vehicle, at school, at work or other places you spend time.

Print a copy of this list to make it easier to use.

□  Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation
 and a possible nine days.
□  Food, at least a three to nine day supply of non-perishable food and a portable stove.

□  Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both

□  Flashlight and extra batteries

□  First aid kit

□  Whistle to signal for help

□  Dust mask to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place

□  Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation

□  Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities

□  Can opener for food (if kit contains canned foods)

□  Local maps

□  Cell phone and chargers

Additional Items to Consider Adding to an
Emergency Supply Kit

□  Prescriptions medications and glasses

□  Infant formula and diapers

□  Pet food and water for your pet

□  Important family documents such as copies of insurance policies, identification, and bank account records in a waterproof, portable container

□  Cash or traveler’s checks and change

□  Emergency reference material, such as a first aid book

□  Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person; consider additional bedding if you live in a cold-weather climate and rain gear.

□  Household chlorine bleach and medicine dropper – When diluted nine parts water to one part bleach, bleach can be used as a disinfectant. Or in an emergency, you can use it to treat water by using 16 drops of regular household liquid bleach per gallon of water. Do not use scented, color safe or bleaches with added cleaners.

□  Fire extinguisher

□  Matches in a waterproof container
     Candles!
□  Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items

□  Mess kits, paper cups, plates and plastic utensils, paper towels

□  Books, games, puzzles or other activities for children

 Find all the supplies you need at: www.survivalsupplies4u.com